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Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, or Ningxia for short, is one of the five largest autonomous regions in China. Located in the upper reaches of the Yellow River in western China, it borders Shaanxi Province in the east, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the west and north, and Gansu Province in the south. The distance between north and south is about 456 kilometers, and the distance between east and west is about 250 kilometers. The total area is more than 66,000 square kilometers. Yinchuan, the capital of the autonomous region.

Administrative division

In March 2015, the administrative area of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was divided into 5 prefecture-level cities, 9 municipal jurisdictions, 2 county-level cities, 11 counties. 



Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is located between 35°14’ ~ 39°23’ north latitude and 104°17’ ~ 107°39’ longitude east. The outline of Ningxia territory is long from north to south and short from east to west is 456 kilometers.


Climate environment

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is located in the northwest inland plateau. It is a typical continental semi-humid and semi-arid climate. The rainy season is concentrated in June-September. There is a long drought here, the annual rainfall is about 300 mm, but the evaporation is more than 1000 mm.



Mainly coal and non-metals, metal minerals are relatively scarce. More than 50 kinds of minerals have been proved, of which coal reserves rank sixth in China, and the installed power capacity is 55.87 million kilowatts.

Ningxia's gypsum deposits rank first in China, with proven reserves of more than 4.5 billion tons, and primary products account for more than half of the reserves.



According to the Bulletin of the seventh national census of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in 2020, the permanent population of Ningxia is 7,202,654.



According to the preliminary economic data released by Ningxia Bureau of statistics in 2020, the GDP of the whole region is 392.055 billion yuan, with a year-on-year growth of 3.9%. According to the industrial division, the added value of the primary industry was 33.801 billion yuan, up 3.3% year on year; The added value of the secondary industry was 160.896 billion yuan, up 4.0% year on year; The added value of the tertiary industry was 1973.58 billion yuan, an increase of 3.9%.



Ningxia is a poetic place. One river and two mountains constitute the spirit and scenery of Ningxia. There are 10 categories and 95 basic types of tourism resources in China, while there are 8 categories and 46 types in Ningxia, which are known as the miniature bonsai of Chinese tourism.

In August 2017, Ningxia was officially awarded the founding unit of national global tourism demonstration zone, becoming the second approved provincial global tourism demonstration zone founding unit in China.

Strategic development

As a bridgehead for inland opening to the west, Ningxia, which has a strong tradition of cooperation with Arab countries, has broken through geographical restrictions to seize the historical opportunities under the Internet wave. Through the interconnection of networks, it has built an online silk road that benefits the people of China and Arab countries, and built an online silk road Ningxia hub engineering".

In November 2011, Yinchuan City was officially awarded as a national e-commerce demonstration city and became the only selected city in the northwest region; on January 2, 2014, the General Administration of Customs approved Yinchuan as a pilot city for cross-border e-commerce.


Characteristic industry

The momentum of the electronic information industry is rapid. Ningxia is the first demonstration area of Internet plus education and Internet plus medical health;


Ningxia is located in China's energy Golden Triangle. Ningdong energy and chemical industry base is a national demonstration area of modern coal chemical industry;


Ningxia is the first new energy comprehensive demonstration area in China;


Ningxia is an important production base of green organic agricultural products;


With the rapid development of wine industry, the eastern foot of Helan is one of the ten most potential wine tourism areas in the world;


Ningxia is located in the golden milk source belt, and the milk fat rate and milk protein rate of fresh milk are better than the European Union standard;


The beef cattle and Tan sheep industry has its own characteristics. Ningxia can provide the best opportunity to participate in the construction of high-end beef cattle production base and Tan sheep hometown in China;



The integration and development of cultural tourism industry and the unique natural scenery of Ningxia can provide a rare opportunity to participate in the construction of international tourism destination in Western China;


Lycium barbarum industry has excellent brand, Ningxia Lycium barbarum is the only high-quality variety listed in Chinese Pharmacopoeia.